DPD Reminded the Housing for Indigenous Peoples

Member of Committee II of the House of Regional Representative (DPD) reminded the Government through the Ministry of Public Housing (Kemnegpera) to pay attention to housing for indigenous and remote communities and provide housing in the border region. The government is expected to provide simplicity of home ownership for indigenous peoples, remote communities, and communities in the border region.

Etha Aisyah Hentihu (Maluku) alluded on the housing for indigenous peoples. "How's responsibility to build housing for indigenous peoples? If the location of housing is in indigenous land, how can that be possible? " He hoped that the Government gives the ease of home ownership for indigenous peoples , in addition to low-income communities through development planning .

The issue of housing for Kubu tribe (known as Anak Dalam Tribe or Orang Rimba) also revealed by Muhammad Syukur (Jambi). "How is the housing for the Anak Dalam tribe in the jungle of Jambi?"

Not to forget, Bambang Susilo (East Kalimantan) reminded, the 2,764 people of Korowai lived in the forests of Papua, as in District Kaibar, Mappi Regency, inhabiting a house on a tree. "We're busy discussing the draft law, real estate, apartments, flats, but we still have relatives who live in the trees."

In addition, he asked the government to build housing in the border areas, such as border areas of West Kalimantan - Sarawak (Malaysia) and East Borneo - Sabah (Malaysia). For example, in each border region are 1000 homes.

Intsiawati Ayus (Riau) emphasized, a guarantee for citizens to obtain housing is a sensitive issue, especially when it is associated with human rights. "How does this ministry divide ration 80 to provincial or district / city are entitled to the appropriate ones and the needy, there are consistency demands and consequences so that the ministry do not take sides."

The division is also connected to the authority of the regency / city and provincial governments. If the bill recommends the establishment of institutions / agencies the development of housing. "The institution / agency at the regency / city and province are very risky. When in the field, the division is unfair, and high."

Muhammad Asri Anas (West Sulawesi) supported if the government adds a special allocation and de-concentration funds for housing development. Moreover, PP 38/2007 states housing is the responsibility of the Government and / or local governments may designate or establish institutions / agencies.

"In my hometown, the local government did not respond to housing as a necessity. Instead, I conclude, there is no serious talk on province housing. Local governments only talk about the 20 % of education funding."

Parlindungan Purba (DPD member from North Sumatera) questioned benchmark housing construction in the housing and settlements bill. "Which countries are the benchmark? Is it like Singapore which guarantees the public has houses all these years," he asked.

He also questioned the difficult financing of housing construction. "Why in Indonesia has financing difficulties? Because the available money is short-term and expensive, while the things needed is the long term and cheap."

Budi Doku (Gorontalo) alluded the special allocation of funds and the deconcentration fund that is previously allocated. In 2011, he recorded 80 regencies / cities will each acquire a budget of Rp 6.6 billion for housing development. Unfortunately, the budget is only disbursed to 20 regencies / cities and 5 provinces with the Spatial Plan (RTRW).
Ahmad Subadri (Banten) warned th epossibility that the funds allocated in the Budget Revenue and Expenditure (APBD) for the provision of housing and residential land was corrupted by local government officials.

Supartono (East Java) said, the rules and residential housing is unclear. While Gusti Farid Hasan Aman (South Kalimantan) supported the dissemination of housing and settlement rules.

Responding to various questions and statements, the Minister of Housing (Menegpera) Suharso Monoarfa said," For indigenous peoples and undeveloped areas, we have the self-help program," he said. "We were led to the eastern region."

"Unfortunately, our budget is not much, because we were in clusters of three, rather than in clusters of two," he said during a working meeting to Committee II DPD that is led by its chairman, Bambang Susilo (East Kalimantan), accompanied by Vice- Chairman of Committee II DPD Djasarmen Purba (Riau Islands) in Meeting Room of Committee II DPD on the 3rd floor - Parliament Complex, Senayan, Jakarta, Monday (19/7).

He also approved the program of housing construction in the border region. "I agree completely. In terms of defense and security, we have offered to regencies around the border," he said. Not only that, it invites Ministry of Social Affairs, Ministry of Rural Development, and local governments around the state borders to establish self-help housing.

For congested areas such as Bogor, because 80% of the region including waking, rest areas open. Compared with 20 years ago is still 65 %. "The increase was fast. If it is allowed , we will no longer see the city of Bogor that is cold and green. Untidiness easily found, just as on the banks of the river."

7.4 is also Indonesian people

In other parts, Suharso said, 7.4 million people of Indonesia need housing, while only 710 thousand are met each year. The number of the required 7.4 million based on the Census occupation of 10 years earlier (2000) are corrected by Susenas (National Socioeconomic Survey) 5 years later (2005).

"We do not know exactly how much is the numbers," he admited. As a reference planning of residential development, the Government used the figure of 2.4 million and 710 thousand. How does the Government's position ?

He said housing is a strategic common goods because it involves the fulfillment of basic human needs. Therefore, the housing including the issues set forth in Article 28H of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia Year 1945 and Act No. 39 Year 1999 on Human Rights. "Actually, it concerns the provision of human and universal interest."

On the demand, there are 7.4 million of people demands who are in the middle to lower income. Then, the Government provides affordable homes valuable such as Perumnas with an average of USD 55 million or flats that are worth an average of USD 144 million. "In fact , we may not find a home in Papua worth USD 55 million. And, the house was worth USD 144 million can not be generally applicable from time to time."

Suharso said the government intervenes market demand and supply of housing through financing, such as a limited subsidy for down payment or interest rate during a specified period.

Under the Act 33/2004 on Fiscal Balance between Central and Local Government, housing is an obligatory function area. Because the local government finance is inadequate, local governments are required to have a policy of housing development as part of regional development policy. "But what can we do, it is not done."
Because it is not done, the Act 27/2007 on Spatial Planning divide the spatial area in Indonesia. To ensure the availability of the housing; therefore, a special allocation is prepared to require the connected area to have spatial planning and residential zoning. "The goal is to stimulate the areas of housing policy as part of regional development policy."

In accordance with Act 33/2004, Suharso added, prepared a special allocation of funds based on three criteria, namely the general criteria, specific, and technical. Based on the general criteria, we will see the areas that should receive special allocation but apparently not.

Through a tripartite meeting between Kemenegpera, National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) and the Ministry of Finance (Kemkeu) to exclude the general criteria, including the 2011 APBN budget bill.

Special allocation of funds to the housing aims to ensure the availability of land and restore regional planning. "Almost all districts / cities in Indonesia does not have a detailed plan, including a master plan to build the district / city, so the shape is unknown."

In addition to a special allocation of funds, for the first time this year the Government allocated the deconcentration funds to the provincial government so that the provincial government will give careful attention to the construction of housing. "Therefore, we hope DPD is able to push 33 provinces to actually submit," said Suharso.

Housing finance

In APBN Budget, Suharso added financing housing construction has changed. If previously included as a subsidy or shopping then it is now converted into financing. The goal is to obtain long-term and low-cost funds. "Today, banks can not finance cheap housing. Why? Because the available funds are short-term and expensive. "

For example, PT Jamsostek, PT Askes, PT Taspen, and PT Astek were asked to keep the funds rate that is not the same as the one-year deposit rate at banks government. "It means we create the expensive funds. If the deposit rate should be 6% or 7% means it is impossible to get a a low cost fund."

Compare with Singapore that provides housing finance interest rates for only 0.5 or 0.6%. So, those who are wealthy to pay his house with low cost, but us, who were poor, should pay expensively. Going forward, we have to provide cheap long-term funds.

19 Juli 2010