In front of the Riau Islands Provincial Government, Committee I DPD RI Explains the Amendments Bill to Act 43/2008 on State Territory

Batam, dpd.go.id - A number of leaders and members of Committee I DPD RI conducted work visits to Riau Islands Province (Kepri) in the framework of inventorying material for the Amendment Bill on Act number 43 Year 2008 concerning State Territory. The group led by the Vice Chairmen of Committee I DPD RI, Fachrul Razi and Fahira Idris were received by the Assistant I of the Government of the Riau Islands Province, Raja Ariza in Batam (21/5).

The focus of this group of Committee I DPD RI is to absorb the aspirations and information needed from the Riau Islands Provincial Government regarding the plan of Committee I DPD RI to draft the Amendment Bill of Act 43/2008 concerning the State Territory.

In his opening remarks before the ranks of the Riau Islands Provincial Government, Fachrul Razi, who is also a member of DPD RI in the Aceh Province electoral district, explained that strategies and policies to develop the border so far have been running on the basis of a government regime and a temporary basis. Committee I DPD RI sees efforts to build borders yet to use a model of sustainable development.

"We all mainly still remember, in the era of the previous administration, there was very high enthusiasm and a strong plan to make the frontier a front page of the nation. This was marked by the making of the Act number 43 Year 2008 concerning the State Territory which contained the mandate to form the National Border Management Agency (BNPP)," Fachri stressed.

At that time, continued Fachrul, BNPP was identified as a superbody institution believed to be able to alleviate poverty in the border region and encourage the realization of sustainable development in the border region.

Fachrul added that the birth and development of the BNPP was apparently unable to change the face and condition of the border that was still isolated. The Act number 43 year 2008 concerning State Territory which is dominated by BNPP arrangements like "paper tiger", namely its policies, strategies and including its laws, cannot be implemented.

According to Fachrul, based on the Committee I DPD RI’s view, the problem of implementing Act Number 43 Year 2008 is inseparable from the overlapping regulations that have existed so far. This polemic of authority has a negative impact on the welfare of border communities. Referring to article 361 of Act Number 23 Year 2014, it shows that the reality of border areas in Indonesia today is still poor and underdeveloped. This can be seen from the data of underdeveloped regions in 2015, based on Presidential Regulation Number 131 year 2015 concerning Determination of Disadvantaged Regions in 2015-2019, namely from 541 regencies / cities throughout Indonesia there are 122 (22.55 percent) of disadvantaged regencies, 20 of which are border regencies (16.4%) from lagging regiencies.

"Based on the reality of social, economic, political, security and defense inequalities in border areas, the Committee I DPD RI views the need for a revision of Act number 43 year 2008 concerning State Territory", he said.

Other Vice Chairmen of Committee I DPD RI, Fahira Idris said, through empirical studies conducted by the previous Committee I DPD RI, there are 7 strategic issues that need to be poured into the revision of the State Territory Law, including the physical boundaries of the State; Border Supervision; Management of the State Territory; Overlapping regulations governing the territory of the country; Authority conflict; Management of state territories that tends to be carried out in a sectoral manner; and Bias of the division of the territory of the State.

Fahira further explained, the Committee I DPD RI think that it is important for the Central, Regional and Community Governments to coordinate and share roles in the governance of the country's territory and borders. The central government needs to develop a master plan for the management of border areas which is the authority of the central government and the authority of the provincial and regency / city regions. The regional government, he continued, integrates the master plan for border area management in the regional planning and budget documents.

While the role of the community is to help implement the security of the country's territory by reporting certain things that can threaten the country's defense and security, to assist the implementation of supervision of national borders by assisting with certain matters that have an impact on state losses (duties) as well as to assist the implementation of economic development in the border area by involving in the development of economic activities.

Responding to the urgent need for BNPP reform, Fahira said, the BNPP must be upgraded to a Spatial Country Territory Management Agency. Therefore, said Fahira, it is necessary to consider whether this term will be used because this naming can mean this body manages the entire territory of Indonesia. "This needs further definition", he concluded.

Responding to the proposed changes to the State Territory Law, the Riau Islands Provincial Government Assistant I, Raja Ariza supported the efforts carried out by Committee I DPD RI. For him, changes to this law must be able to have an impact on the budget for border provinces and change the mindset of the central government towards the border region.

"As long as we in Riau Islands are still equated with land areas by the central government, Riau Islands will never progress," he said.



21 Mei 2019