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In line with the demands of democracy in order to satisfy the public sense of justice in the region, expand and improve the morale and capacity of local participation in national life, as well as to strengthen the Unitary Republic of Indonesia, then in order to reform the constitution, the Assembly of RI to form a new representative institutions, namely the Regional Representatives Council Republic of Indonesia (DPD RI). The formation of DPD RI was conducted through the third amendment of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia Year 1945 (UUD 1945) in November 2001.

Since the change, then the system of parliamentary representation in Indonesia and the change from a unicameral system of bicameral system. These changes do not happen instantly, but through a long phase of discussion both in public and in the People’s Consultative Assembly of Indonesia, particularly in the Ad Hoc Committee I. The process of change in MPR in addition to considering the political demands and views that grow with the reform, which also involves academic discussion, by studying the system of government prevailing in other countries, especially in a country adopts democracy.

In the process of discussion is, develops a strong view about the need for institutions that can represent local interests, and to maintain a balance between regions and between central and local, fairly and harmoniously. Basic idea of the formation of DPD RI is a desire to better accommodate regional aspirations and simultaneously give a greater role to the region in political decision-making process for matters directly related to particular areas of interest. Desire took off from a real indication that decision making is centralized in the past it has resulted in inequality and a sense of injustice, and will also give an indication of the threat of state territorial integrity and national unity. The existence of elements of regional representatives in the MPR membership for this (prior to the amendment to the Constitution of 1945) is considered inadequate to address these challenges.