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DRAFTING THE SISNAS IPTEK BILL: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY MUST IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF HR

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Jakarta – The Bill on National System of Science and Technology (Sisnas-IPTEK Bill) is expected to develop the quality of Human Resources (HR) so as to have competitiveness in the international arena. This was said by the Members of Committee III DPD RI, Abraham Liyanto in the Hearing (RDP) with the researchers discussing the Bill on Sisnas-IPTEK at the Parliament Complex, Senayan, Monday (28/7).

Abraham assessed the state's partisanship towards human resource development is minimal. Compared to other countries, the quality of Indonesian human resources is far behind. This is according to him, because other countries have long focused on the development of human resources.

"For example, South Korea with Indonesia, both of which are independent in the same year with only two days apart, but in matters of science and technology it is like heaven and the earth. Why is it happenning?, Because starting from the beginning of independence, Korea has been focused in the development of human resources while we are busy utilizing the potential of natural resources," he said.

In addition, the East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) senator hopes that the Sisnas-IPTEK Bill can improve the mechanism of provision of valid data so that various parties, including the government, can run programs and activities on target.

"Many people talk and work based on data that is nonsense and invalid, including officials, who talks to the public using inaccurate data, this is our weakness and we have to build a system that will clean up all components so that we will jump to science and technology aspect," he said. .

In line with Abraham, Abdurrahman Abubakar Bahmid from Gorontalo considered the need for a rule that clearly arranges the research produced will not repeat or imitate other researchers from abroad.

While the Chairman of Committee III DPD RI, Fahira Idris questioned the need for sanctions for researchers who get the research budget but research conducted by others, such as students.

On the hearing, the Deputy of Social Science and Humanity LIPI, Tri Nuke Pudjiastuti explained that science and technology has an important role to minimize social problems. He proposed that each region that has research institutions, should concentrate or at least prioritize on social issues that occur in the environment. Each group of researchers should build a network with other regional researchers in order to synergize and produce an extraordinary information mosaic.

"I once collected researchers from several areas focusing on researching disaster, the results of their research are all the same. It's wasteful, there should be synergies between research institutions, so there is no repetition. Therefore, we need a new system that ensures every research institute to have a different research focus and no longer a repetition on research issues," said Tri.

Another thing that needs to be criticized is the need to regulate the relationship between science and technology institutions, government and industry to ensure that the results of research is not only to the test, but to the stage worth to.

The determination of indicators and science and technology should also be clear, not just the clarity of programs and activities. If the program has a clear target, the funding will also be directed and sustainable.

Not only that, he also considered that there is a need for rules and ethics of science and technology established and enforced by professional organizations related to science and technology. "The ethics of the researcher should be upheld, and there should be an observer to keep the science and technology institution to become a broker, and not the perpetrator of science and technology," he added.

Meanwhile, researchers from the National Nuclear Energy Agency, Rohadi Awaludin, said technology can play a role to enhance competitiveness if it is supported by a strong innovation system.

"The problem now is how to make an invention that provides economic and social benefits to the community. This needs attention," he explained.

To build an innovation system, the spearhead is an industry. Currently, Indonesia is weak in the industrial sector so a lot of research that can not get to the community because it is not supported by the industrial sector.

"The new bill needs to mandate the governments to be stronger in attracting industry in R & D activities through improving technological opportunities and appropriability," he added. * Tho

28 Agustus 2017
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