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CAUTION !!! CHILDREN TRADING IN DISGUISE OF ADOPTION

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Vice Chairwoman of DPD RI, Prof. Dr. Ir. Dr. Ir. Darmayanti Lubis will coordinate with the ranks of Provincial Government of North Sumatera, the Central Government and elements related to Child Protection such as the Ministry of Women's Empowerment & Child Protection, the Ministry of Social Affairs and the Indonesian Child Protection Commission (KPAI). This is confirmed because of the rise of human trafficking, especially in children that occurred in Simalungun and Asahan Regencies, North Sumatera Province.

Vice Chairwoman of DPD RI requested TPPO task force to immediately take good action on the handling of cases as well as on the aspects of prevention as a form of Government commitment in combating Trafficking in Children. Supervision of the existing services in Regional Government is very important to do, and continue the socialization and education to the public, especially about CHILD ADOPTION and the Act of Human Trafficking (TPPO).

"Human Trafficking by Act Number 21 Year 2007 on combating human trafficking (TPPO) is the act of recruiting, transporting, sheltering, shipping, transferring or receiving a person with threats of violence, the use of violence, abduction, detention. Subsequently, fraud and abuse of power or vulnerable positions, the imposition of money or payment or benefit, to obtain the consent of the person in control over the other person, whether within the state or between countries, for the purpose of exploitation or exploitation of persons , "Said Darmayanti Lubis who comes from North Sumatera Electoral District.

She explained that in general, children and women are vulnerable to become victims of trafficking and exploitation. The victims are mostly from vulnerable groups. The causes of Child Trafficking include: the lack of Awareness and misconception of the community, the factor of poverty that has forced many families to plan their life support strategies including employing their children due to debt bondage, the desire to get rich quickly and the habitual factor of the inhabitants into the culture. The following cultural factors contribute to the occurrence of child trafficking, among others relating to: the role of children in the family, early marriage, debt bondage, lack of birth registration, lack of education, corruption and weak law enforcement.

She explained, rampant cases of child abuse and child trafficking are due to the not optimal protection efforts. Child trafficking cases also tend to increase over the last 3 (three) years from 410 cases in 2010 to 480 cases in 2011 and to 673 cases in 2012. Indonesia is a source, transit and destination country for trafficking of women And children, especially for the purpose of prostitution and exploitation of children. The phenomenon of human trafficking has becoming more diverse on its form and mode. Many prostitutes both in the localization area or in covert places of prostitution such as cafes, massage parlors, plus-plus beauty parlors, hotels and others began mushrooming, both in big cities and in rural areas.

"To overcome this, some efforts should be taken to protect the victims of child trafficking although there are many challenges. To solve it, this is all due to the complexity of the problem because human trafficking, especially children are connected with various aspects of life "said Darmayanti Lubis.

Therefore, according to her, the awareness and participation of all communities, state officials and law enforcement officials are needed. During this time the problem of trafficking and exploitation of children only focus on the problems that have occurred and the settlement of handling cases, while efforts to prevent and fulfill the rights of children is still lacking.

Darmayanti Lubis hopes all of the government efforts can be continued and implemented optimally. As known, the Government has done several things including: National Action Plan for the Elimination of Child Trafficking (Presidential Decree No. 88/2002), Eradication of Human Trafficking (PTPPO) Crime,  Establishment of Integrated Service Centers (PP No. 9 Year 2008 on procedure and mechanism of Integrated service for witnesses or victims of the Crime of Human Trafficking), Formation of PTPPO Task Force consists of various elements of government and society (PERPRES No. 69 Year 2008 on Task Force for Prevention and Handling of TPPO), Issued regulation of Minister of State for Women Empowerment and Child Protection No. 10 Year 2012 on Guidelines for the Establishment and Strengthening the Task Force on the Prevention and Handling of Child Trafficking Crime, and Issued regulation of the State Minister of Women's Empowerment and Child Protection Number 11 Year 2012 on Guidelines for the Prevention and Handling of Crime of Trafficking in People and Communities.

"The problem is that the availability of the regulation has not been followed by law enforcement in accordance with the law. Up to now, law enforcement officers have been using the Criminal Code (KUHP) to trap traffickers whose networks are growing with a very light punishment and does not create a deterrent effect for the perpetrators. Based on the Police Bareskrim data from all regional police in Indonesia in 2007-2013, there were 267 cases of trafficking of people of which its 137 cases were processed, with P21 as many as 120 and in SP3 as many as 10 cases. Only 50% cases of trafficking are processed by the public prosecutor (Prosecutor)," said Prof. Dr. Darmayanti Lubis.

In addition, according to Vice Chairwoman of DPD RI, Darmayanti Lubis, a weak law enforceement against the perpetrators is involving many parties such as the police in the location of victims found, where the process of the Minutes of Examination (BAP) takes a long time and the average victims have  low education, that caused the examination to be repeated and the uncooperative family victims in providing information about the perpetrators, they even tend to protect the perpetrators.

"Community participation is needed both institutionally and individually that can be started from parents, teachers, religious leaders, community leaders, government officials. It should be done together to make people aware of the potential criminal acts of trafficking, "she concluded.

08 Agustus 2017
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